Conventional coatings adhere to materials by simple mechanical
forces which can be easily broken causing peeling or delamination.
Such is not the case with chemical grafting since the attachment of
the coating is accomplished by forming a covalent bond between the
substrate and the monomers via the substrate activator. The chemical
reaction that takes place provides subsurface penetration in addition
to the chemical bond. As a result, much thinner coatings can be
obtained while providing longer life and superior performance of the
Typical coating methods can be used i.e. dip, spray, roll. The
chemical grafting formulation comes in contact with the surface of the
substrate by any of these methods, The chemical grafting reaction
occurs instantaneously upon contact with the material. The desired
thickness and preferred application method will determine the
viscosity of the formulation. Most formulations are water based. The
coatings can be air dried, however, heat (oven, IR, UV, etc.) may be
used to accelerate the drying time. Most formulations will dry in
seconds to minutes.
In certain instances, the manufacturer wishes to compound the
modification into the raw material in bulk form. Sometimes it is
desirable for the substrate activator and monomer system to be
incorporated into the matrix of the substrate. The formulation is to be
blended with the pellets or resin and will be adjusted to the
manufacturers' extruding or molding process.
These plastic additives typically add on approximately 1-5% to
resin. In this case, the chemical grafting reaction takes place when
heat is introduced during the extruding or molding process. Besides
the introduced modification, there is no effect on the material or the
existing processing parameters.
Plastic AdhesivesSometimes two or more layers of various materials are laminated
together to achieve desired characteristics. A generic adhesive used
for all purpose applications may fail especially when temperature
changes occur. Again, these conventional adhesives hold their
substrates together by mechanical means. In addition, failure of the
bond will occur during temperature fluctuations due to differences in
coefficients of thermal expansion. The adhesives developed by APS
use difunctional monomers and attach themselves to the substrates
by a helical bond. This helix allows the resultant bond to move with the
differences in the expansion and contraction rates of the substrates.
Even substrates that are typically difficult to bond are activated and
attached by this means.
Our specialists have a deep understanding
of both raw materials and product processes.
Their focus is effective and efficient solutions
to help you reduce costs and generate added
Our innovations are based on effective and
efficient research & development. We help
hundreds of companies, ranging from start-
ups to Fortune 500 corporations, to improve
their materials and products. Our chemists
work in interdisciplinary groups on innovative
processes to ensure long-term business
success for our clients with chemically grafted
solutions for almost all sectors of industry.
Advanced Polymer Solutions utilizes a
custom formulation process resulting in more
superior performance and longer life of your
products providing your company with a
competitive edge. Examples of industries
served include automotive, medical,
packaging, equipment, pharmaceutical,
printing, electronics and many more.
The ability to recognize the technical needs of
small, medium and large corporations has
significantly and successfully contributed to
APS' productive relationships with a large
variety of organizations. Whether you look to
APS for innovation or incremental
improvement in an existing product or process,
you can count on working with research and
technology professionals with an impressive
depth of knowledge and a strong commitment
to finding a solution to your problem.
Oxygen/moisture, barrier, chemical resistance,
UV/ozone resistance, increased structural
strength, nonflammability/low smoke emission,
adhesion to inks/paints or other materials,
These properties can be added to the plastic
resin or applied as a coating.
Our Specialized Services
Each project is treated on an individual basis
by formulating the desired plastic coating, plastic additive or
adhesive according to specific requirements.
Because of its easy adaptation to a wide
variety of applications, chemical grafting has
been utilized in virtually every industry
including automotive, aerospace, industrial
machinery, consumer products, medical,
packaging, and many others. In order to
obtain the chemically bonded product, new
formulation are applied to the submitted
substrate and tested according to the
recommended procedures dictated by industry
standards and manufacturer's requests. Once
reproducible results are secured, the
formulation is adapted to large-scale
production at the manufacturer's location. To
provide ongoing support, APS can
manufacture the final formulation in the
desired quantities and supply the
manufacturer with a pre-mixed, ready to use
coating, additive or adhesive.
The Mechanism of Chemical Grafting
APS substrate activators have the unique
capacity of removing active hydrogens from
substrates and initiating the growth of polymer
chains at that site. By removing these
hydrogens, an electron is removed forming a
free radical. This free radical site needs an
electron to stabilize its state and will share the
electron with the present monomers forming
the chemical bond. Following represents the
four step reaction of APS' chemical grafting
process using M to represent a metal
substrate (carbon steel, stainless steel,
copper, bronze, brass, etc.):
1) Activation: free radical formation
2) Chemical Bonding of monomers:
(CH2 — CH)n
x x = functional group that changes with
each monomer and determines the property
3) Formation of small polymer side chains:
n = controlled chain length of monomers
(same or varied)
4) The reaction is then terminated with a
special formulation ingredient so that all
reactive components are exhausted.
molecular structure and
nature of organic and the
key to APS' research our
chemists have detailed
knowledge of the following
offers an infinite advantage:
APS' unique chemical grafting process results in
properties being permanently attached to the
substrate with the use of a specialized substrate
activator and monomer system.
Learn More >
- APS' assistance in analyzing and defining problems through their
understanding of the chemical and physical basics of all materials
and how they behave and interact;
- APS' unique patented molecular bonding method not offered by
other companies and unavailable in house, developed through
years of chemical research.
- APS' individually tailored approach to the most effective solution for
each client (not available at raw material suppliers);
- APS' collaberation with clients to form a cooperation that ensure
the best results and most acceptable implementation of the
chemical grafting process;
- Ability to concentrate on your core products and business activities;
- Exclusive, patentable formulation for you to gain a competitive
edge over competition with a more superior performing products
and decreased costs;
- Increased sales and ability to market your product into broader
- Molecular make up of substrates such as plastics,
rubber, wood, paper, glass, ceramics and metals.
- Method of activating substrates to form sites for
attachment of new functionalities.
- Activity of functional groups on monomers and
prepolymers and how to combine them to provide
new and unique properties on substrates.
- Interaction of monomers and prepolymers and in
linking them together to form new polymer side
- Combining all reactive ingredients to formulate
easy to apply, cost effective surface treatments,
additives and adhesives.
- Upscaling chemically grafted formulations from
laboratory to pilot scale to full scale manufacturing
using existing/minimal equipment.
- Production of these unique formulation,
supervised by a Ph.D. in polymer chemistry to
ensure each shipment is quality controlled.
Advanced Polymer Solutions was formed by four technical professionals
educated and experienced in polymer and organic chemistry, research and
development and engineering. As a result, APS offers over 75 years of
combined expertise in offering custom solutions to manufacturers in the
areas of product improvement and high impact commercialization
solutions to reduce costs and eliminate hazardous materials.
APS' core business is to develop and
manufacture custom formulations for
product and commercialization
improvements and cost reductions,
therefore, is the ultimate technical
resource for manufacturers. Using this
innovative project approach, companies
can take advantage of:
|Why Advanced Polymer Solutions For
|Advanced Polymer Solutions
Please note: While the Chemical Grafting process is the same for all
plastics the grafting initiator, monomers and catalyst are vastly different
depending on the type of plastic and desired properties. Each project is
custom tailored to meet our clients specifications.
|Below is a small sample of some of the companies Advanced Polymer Solutions has performed work for.
In every industry both large and small companies have relied on APS for that specialized problem solving formulation.
|Let our Product Solution Specialists explain how as little as a 1%
plastic additive can change the properties of your plastic.
The above list is only a small representation of properties which were
grafted onto five different types of plastic, we have successfully chemically
grafting onto nearly all types of plastic including:
Acrylonitrile-butadiene styrene (ABS)
Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)
Ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH)
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET)
Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS)
Polyphenylene sulfon (PPSU)
Polybutadiene styrene (PBS)
Polyvinylidiene chloride (PVDC)
Polyvinyl alcohol (PVOA)
Styrene acrylonitrile (SAN)
Want to know more about our patented Chemical Grafting process? Let us
schedule a video conference addressing your specific needs. Learn how Chemical
improve your product.
Please fill out the form above, your video
conference will be scheduled at your convenience
Our clients come to APS for our scientific expertise when the endeavor is enhancing an existing product, improving
manufacturing efficiencies, or discovering a solution that creates an innovative new product. Our chemical grafting projects
include developing both Plastic Additves and Plastic Coatings for the following companies: Coca Cola, GE, Sumitomo,
Honeywell, P&G, Motorola and many others.