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Application Methods

Most commonly used application methods:

Coatings are applied on the surface of substrates
to improve the functional properties and
durability. Conventional coatings need extensive
surface preparation for adhesion and need to
build up thickness for performance. Such is not
the case with APS' coating formulations. Most
APS coatings can be applied in one step with no
or minimal surface preparation. In addition, due to
the chemistry of APS' chemical grafting process,
thinner coatings can be used to achieve a higher
degree of property performance. Delamination
will not occur due to the chemical bond formed
between the coating and the substrate with some
subsurface penetration occuring through the use
of molecularly small and lightweight monomers.

Typical coating methods can be used such as
dip, spray, roll, flow coat, etc. APS coatings can
be formulated to be air dried, however, in the
interest of time, heat or some energy source (i.e.,
UV or infrared lights) can be used.

APS can develop additives to incorporate into the
raw material/resin prior to extruding or molding. In
this case, the new properties will penetrate the
matrix of the material. APS chemists will adjust the
formulation to conform to the processing
parameters used by the manufacturer. Due to the
molecular bond formed by APS' process, the new
properties will not migrate and leach from the
material over time, even under severe conditions.

APS chemists have extensive experience in
bonding the same or different substrates
together. Materials that are difficult to adhere to
are effectively bonded with APS' process. Again,
no or minimal surface chemical attachment of one
substrate to the other. Consequently, substrate
failure will occur before adhesion failure. In
addition, if two substrates with different
coefficients of thermal expansion are bonded, an
APS developed adhesive's bonding action will not
be affected. Such is not the case with
conventional adhesives which cannot withstand
the varying expansion and contraction of different

Application of all APS chemical grafting
formulations can applied at ambient temperatures
and normal atmospheric conditions
Understanding the molecular structure
and nature of organic and inorganic
materials is the key to APS' scientists
sucesses. Our chemists detailed
knowledge of the following offers an
infinite advantage:

Molecular make up of substrates such as
plastics, rubber, wood, paper, glass,
ceramics and metals.
Method of activating substrates to form
sites for attachment of new functionalities.
Activity of functional groups on monomers
and prepolymers and how to combine
them to provide new and unique
properties on substrates.
Interaction of monomers and prepolymers and in linking them
together to form new polymer side chains.
Combining all reactive ingredients to formulate easy to apply, cost
effective surface treatments, additives and adhesives.
Upscaling chemically grafted formulations from laboratory to pilot
scale to full scale manufacturing using existing/minimal equipment.
Production of these unique formulation, supervised by a Ph.D. in
polymer chemistry to ensure each shipment is quality controlled.

APS' unique chemical grafting process results in properties being
permanently attached to the substrate with the use of a specialized
substrate activator and monomer system. Following are the most
common used substrates and desired properties for use with APS'
process (this list should only be used as a reference of the
process' capabilities and not a limit as to what it can do):

steels, aluminum, brass, bronze, copper, zinc, nickel
Corrosion resistance, abrasion/wear resistance, impact resistance,
lubricity, conductivity, temperature resistance, color

polyolefins, PVC, polycarbonate, ABS, nylon, polyester,
polystyrene, acrylic
Oxygen and moisture barrier, nonflammability, scratch/abrasion
resistance, increased structural strength, UV resistance, adhesion
to other materials, flavor barrier

natural, synthetic
Chemical resistance, lubricity, UV/ozone resistance, fuel barrier,
conductivity, adhesion

cotton, polyester, blends, nylon, fibers, yarns
Nonflammability, hydrophobicity, alteration of "hand", anti-static,
stain resistance, increased dye receptivity

blown, fiber, sheet
Scratch/abrasion resistance, adhesion of water based inks,
decorative finishes, shatter resistance, UV barrier, water repellency

hair, skin, teeth
Slow release, increased comfort to skin,
hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity, bactericidial/fungicidal properties

Bactericidal/fungicidal/mold resistance, moisture barrier,
nonflammability, increased tear strength, adhesion to paints and
inks, adhesion to other

The ingredients in all APS formulations will be completely safe, can
be water based in many cases, and will conform to OSHA, EPA
and, if required, FDA guidelines.
Advanced Polymer Solutions
99 Seaview Boulevard,
Port Washington, NY 11050
(516) 621-5800 ‎
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Advanced Polymer Solutions
New York

Product Solutions: Tell us about the problem you are experiencing with your substrate or production process
and we will respond with solutions for your evaluation. Chemical Grafting can effectively reduce production cost.
Our typical response time is less then 48 hours.
Chemical Grafting